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安徽专版2020中考英语复习方案第一篇教材考点梳理课时训练08Units7_8八上试题人教新目标版

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课时训练(八) Units 7—8(八上)

(限时:30分钟)

Ⅰ.单项填空

1. [2019·包头]He rides a bike to work every day in order to keep in     .  

A. support   B. service    C. surface   D. shape

2.Don't forget to     the lights when you leave the classroom. 

A.turn on         B.turn off 

C.turn up         D.turn down

3.Many tourists prefer five-star hotels because they think expensive hotels always     guests with better service. 

A.prevent    B.protect    C.present    D.provide

4. [2019·合肥模拟]—I can't find my glasses. Where are they?

—Don't worry. I'm sure they will     sooner or later.  

A. turn up   B. put up    C. give up   D. set up

5.—It's     for Tony to finish the work in such a short time. 

—That's right. It's so short.

A.possible        B.polite 

C.impolite        D.impossible

6.He was adviced to eat fewer hamburgers and drink     cola to keep fit. 

 A.much    B.more    C.fewer    D.less

7. [2019·淮南模拟]—I went from a school desk to a ship in my teens.

     days would you be at sea? Homesick? 

A. How long        B. How many

C. How much        D. How soon

8.Put the ingredients in the bowl and     , please. 

A.mix them up       B.mix it up

C.mix up them        D.mix up it

9. [2019·江西]—I've never seen Mr. Taylor before.

—Don't worry. I     him to you before the meeting.  

A. will introduce       B. introduced

C. have introduced       D. had introduced

10.—We should try our best to protect our environment.

    . If we don't do so, we'll have no place to live in. 

A.I agree with you       B.That's all right

C.Don't worry        D.It doesn't matter

Ⅱ.[2019·芜湖一模]完形填空

   Raise your arm. Keep it in that position(位置)  11  as long as you can. What will happen? After some time, your  12  begins to hurt. Something seems to be pulling it down. Soon enough, you have to lower your arm.  

  It's the “gravity(重力)” that  13  you to lower your arm. We can't see gravity or touch it. We can only  14  it. The earth has gravity that pulls down everything on or near it. It is the force that keeps us all on the  15  and make things fall.  

  The moon and the sun also have gravity.  16 , all things in the world have gravity. It helps hold all of them together.  

  Gravity works in a two-way system. This  17  that all things have a pull on each other. For example, the earth's gravity forces the moon to travel around it. In turn, the moon's gravity pulls on the earth's  18 . And we all know that it's the  19  cause of tides(潮汐). 

  The force of gravity becomes  20  as we move away from its source(源头). That is partly why astronauts can float(漂浮) around in outer space. They are too far away for the earth to have much pull on them.  

  What do you think would happen if there were no gravity on the earth?

 (  )11. A. in  B. at     C. to     D. for

(  )12. A. leg  B. arm    C. head    D. foot

(  )13. A. causes  B. chooses   C. expects   D. orders

(  )14. A. hear  B. smell    C. feel    D. taste

(  )15. A. sea  B. surface   C. ground   D. center

(  )16. A. In person B. In a word   C. In total   D. In fact

(  )17. A. realizes B. hopes    C. shares    D. means

(  )18. A. oceans B. stones    C. mountains   D. trees

(  )19. A. light  B. main    C. ancient   D. serious

(  )20. A. safer  B. better    C. weaker   D. slower

Ⅲ.[2019·武汉改编]阅读理解

  You don't have to be a scientist to solve big environmental problems. One Dutch designer is finding creative ways to make a change—and he's inviting bikers to join him.

  Daan Roosgaarde, 38, is a designer from Holland. He uses creative ideas to improve city life. For his Smog (雾霾) Free Project, he designed a special tower that cleans air in Chinese parks. In Holland, he designed a shining bicycle path.

  Now Daan and his team are working with engineers at Chinese bike-sharing company ofo to create a new product for public use. It's an air-cleaning machine connected to a bicycle and is part of the Smog Free Project. In smoggy weather, the machine would breathe in the air in front of the bike and blow out a stream of clean air toward the biker's face.

  It's no secret that air pollution is a big problem for China. In winter, it's common for thick clouds of haze (霾), caused largely by factory production, burning of coal and car emissions(排放物), to cover areas of China.

  In 2016, only one-fourth of Chinese cities met the country's air quality standards, according to a survey of 338 cities nationwide from the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

  “Of course one tower and a few bikes won't solve China's air pollution problem,” Daan said. “But smog-free bikes are an exciting idea that will hopefully inspire communities to create greener cities.”

21. Where does Daan come from? (  )

A. China.    B. Holland.    C. Japan.    D. America.

22. Daan is inviting bikers to join him in order to     .  (  ) 

A. raise money for the tower 

B. test his new machine

C. help solve the air pollution problem 

D. make more Chinese friends

23. The air-cleaning machine offers clean air to the biker by     .  (  ) 

A. blowing out dirty air 

B. running fast with the bike

C. cleaning the air around the biker 

D. breathing in dirty air and cleaning it

24. What is the best title for the passage? (  )

A. Breathing In and Out 

B. Biking for Fresh Air

C. Survey from the Government 

D. China's Air Pollution Problem

Ⅳ.回答问题

  There was once a King and he wanted to find out who could paint the best picture of peace. And he would offer a prize to the artist. Many artists tried. The King looked at all the pictures, but there were only two he really liked and he had to choose between them.

  One picture was of a calm(风平浪静的) lake. The lake was a perfect mirror for peaceful mountains all around it. Overhead was a blue sky with white soft clouds. Everyone thought that it was a perfect picture of peace.

  The other picture had mountains too. But these were rugged(崎岖的) and bare(裸露的). Above was an angry sky. And it was raining and lightening. Down the side of the mountain, a waterfall fell quickly. This did not look peaceful at all.

  But when the King looked carefully, he saw behind the waterfall a bush(矮树丛) growing in a crack(裂缝) in the rock. In the bush a mother bird had built her nest(鸟巢,鸟窝). There, she sat on her nest… in perfect peace.

  Which picture do you think won the prize?

  The King chose the second picture. “Because,” said the King, “peace does not mean to be in a place where there is no noise, trouble, or hard work. Peace means to be in the middle of all those things and still be calm in your heart. That is the real meaning of peace.” 

25.What did the King want the artists to do?(不超过10个词)

                                                                                              

26.What did everyone think of the first picture?(不超过10个词)

                                                                                              

27.Why did the King choose the second picture? (不超过15个词)

                                                                                              

Ⅴ.单词拼写

28. F    (最终), they believed what the boy said was true.  

29. For breakfast, he often has a s    (三明治)and some milk.  

30. There are more f    (工厂) in our town now.  

31. No one wants to fight. We need love and p    (和平).  

32. That's p    (很可能) why he can't finish it on time.  

Ⅵ.[2019·芜湖模拟]书面表达

  在巨大的学习压力下,初三学生容易忽视身体锻炼。适当的身体锻炼是有益的。为提高学生的身体素质,我市各所学校都高度重视学生的体育活动课。请以“My Favorite Sport”为题,谈谈你最喜欢的体育活动,以及体育活动对你学习生活的影响。

[要求]

1. 词数:80—100;

2. 内容完整,语言规范,字迹工整;

3. 文中不能出现自己的真实的信息,如姓名、学校等。

My Favorite Sport

                                                                                              

                                                                                              

 


参考答案

Ⅰ.1.D 考查名词辨析。句意:他每天骑自行车上班的目的是保持体形。keep in shape意为“保持体形”,为固定搭配。故选D。

2.B 3.D 4.A 5.D 6.D 7.B

8.A ingredients是复数形式,应用代词them代替。在“动词+副词”结构的短语中,宾语为代词时,放在动词和副词之间。故选A。

9.A 10.A

Ⅱ.11—15 DBACC 16—20 DDABC

Ⅲ.21—24 BCDB

Ⅳ.25.To paint the best picture of peace.

26.It was a perfect picture of peace.

27.Because he thought it had/showed the real meaning of peace.

Ⅴ.28.Finally 29.sandwich 30.factories

31.peace 32.probably

Ⅵ.Onepossibleversion:

My Favorite Sport

  My favorite sport is table tennis. I became interested in it when I was in my primary school. I used to play with my close friend, Mike. Now, I play it three times a week. And I am so good at it that I have won several table-tennis matches.

  I have learned a lot from playing table tennis. First, it helps me to keep fit. Second, it is a good way to reduce the pressure of studying. What's more, I've made friends through sports.

  Doing sports makes me energetic, confident and active. Let's do sports and enjoy a healthy lifestyle!

 

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