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安徽专版2020中考英语复习方案第一篇教材考点梳理课时训练16Units3_4九全试题人教新目标版

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课时训练(十六) Units 3—4(九全)

(限时:30分钟)

Ⅰ.单项填空

1. [2019·芜湖模拟]—Hey, you look upset. What's up?

—I was taking photos of birds, but Jack made a big noise. The birds were frightened and flew in all     .  

A. directions        B. ways 

C. crowds        D. groups

2.—Why does your sister look so bored?

—Because she doesn't know     for her birthday. 

A.when choosing       B.what choosing

C.when to choose       D.what to choose

3. [2019·合肥一模]Miss Li thinks practicing yoga is a     way to keep fit.  

A. humorous        B. terrible 

C. strange        D. helpful

4.—Molly has changed so much! She     be shy and quiet. 

—Yeah. But now she     speaking in front of class. 

A.used to; is used to      

B.is used to; used to

C.used to; used to       

D.is used to; is used to

5. Everyone is at the meeting but Linda is     . She is ill.  

A. absent         B. proud 

C. busy         D. active

6.The doctor suggested me     smoking. 

A.give up         B.giving up

C.to give up        D.gave up

7. [2019·合肥模拟]—I wonder     Harry keeps healthy these days.  

—By doing sports every day.

A. how         B. who 

C. why         D. where

8.—Would you please come to my birthday party with me tonight?

    . I suppose we will have a wonderful night! 

A.No way  

B.Have a good time

C.Not exactly 

D.My pleasure

9.—I don't know     tomorrow. 

—You can ask our teacher right now.

A.if we take the bus there

B.when will we leave

C.what will we do

D.how we will go there

10. [2019·芜湖模拟]Fang Yuan is     careful a girl that she made     mistakes in her last exam.  

A. such; so little 

B. so; such little

C. so; so few 

D. such; such few

Ⅱ.完形填空

You and your family are planning a picnic for tomorrow. But you want to  11  the weather forecast(预报) first to see whether there will be rain or not. Your father turns on the television and the family listens to the  12  make the weather report. 

“It will be partly cloudy tomorrow morning,  13 clearing by early afternoon. The high tomorrow will be 35.” 

As there will be no rain, the whole family feels  14 . Without the weather forecast, you would not know this, and you would just have to take your chances. But now you can plan your picnic  15 worrying whether it will rain or not. 

The man you can thank for is Cleveland Abbe. He is known as the father of the weather bureau. He was the first person to publish  16  weather forecasts in the United States. 

Abbe began his daily weather bulletins(简报) in 1869. They were based on weather  17  he drew from telegraphed reports of weather conditions. Because of their accuracy(准确), the reports were  18 . 

Congress(国会) became  19  in Abbe's weather reports. They made Abbe a meteorologist (someone who studies weather conditions), and he  20  issuing (公布) forecasts three times a day. He was the first official forecaster of the US Weather Service. Because he often forecast probable storms, Abbe earned the nickname of “Old Probabilities”. 

(  )11.A.produce B.spread    C.check    D.organize

(  )12.A.fireman  B.postman   C.fisherman   D.weatherman

(  )13.A.so   B.but    C.after    D.because

(  )14.A.happy  B.worried   C.stressed   D.curious

(  )15.A.about  B.without    C.against    D.from

(  )16.A.online  B.polluted   C.daily    D.indoor

(  )17.A.maps  B.stations    C.space    D.centres

(  )18.A.strange  B.popular    C.terrible    D.useless

(  )19.A.successful B.similar    C.bored    D.interested

(  )20.A.avoided B.began    C.minded    D.risked

Ⅲ.阅读理解

  Artificial intelligence(AI)(人工智能) is the ability of a computer program or a machine. The computer or the machine with AI can think and learn. It is also a field of study that tries to make computers “smart”. John McCarthy, a scientist, came up with(提出) the name “artificial intelligence” over 60 years ago. Many things such as learning and problem solving can be done by computers, though not in the same way as people do.

An unusual goal of AI research is to create special computer programs. They can learn, solve problems and think logically(逻辑地). At present, AI can successfully understand human speech, recognize(辨别出) human faces, operate self-driving cars and compete in some game systems like playing chess. However, some people consider(认为) AI a danger to humans if it develops too quickly. A famous British scientist also was not for this kind of technology.

Math is the basic language of AI. If students are good at math, they will be more likely to become successful AI designers(设计者) in the future. We need not only bright students but also average(普通的) students. As for(对于) average students, if they get enough math skills, they can also become successful AI designers. Besides, a good knowledge of computer science is also necessary for AI designing.

Scientists hope to create creative(有创造力的) and emotional(有情感的) AI. The AI can possibly understand human feelings or create art. Many ways and tools have been tried to discover this wide and exciting field.

21. From Paragraph 1, we know that     .(  ) 

A. all problems can be solved by computers

B. machines with AI can think and learn

C. AI has been around for only 60 years

D. AI works in the same way as people

22. According to the passage, what can't AI do at present? (  )

A. Understand human speech.

B. Operate self-driving cars.

C. Compete in some game systems.

D. Understand human feelings.

23. The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refers to(指的是)     .  (  ) 

A. chess         B. a scientist

C. the danger        D. AI

24. According to the passage, if students want to become successful AI designers, they should learn     well. ????????????? (  ) 

A. math and art

B. art and technology

C. math and computer science

D. art and computer science

25. Paragraph 4 mainly tells us the scientists'     about AI.  (  ) 

A. wishes         B. worries

C. feelings        D. discoveries

Ⅳ.回答问题

  Once a king got two nice falcons(猎鹰) from his son. He had never seen such beautiful falcons before. He loved them so much and he ordered the best falconer to train them to fly.

  After several months, the king came to see how the training was going on. He found that one falcon had already been able to fly high in the sky, while the other one was staying on the branch(树枝) of a tree quietly without moving.

  The king called all his falconers together and ordered them to try every way they could to make it fly. But none of them succeeded. One day, while the king was taking a walk in the forest, an idea came to him. He decided to find someone who knew the natural environment well to solve the problem. Then he sent for a farmer who lived in the forest into his palace to train it at once.

  The next morning, the king saw the other falcon flying above in the sky freely. “It is unbelievable!” shouted the king. “How could you make it happen?”

  The farmer replied, “It's very easy. I just cut off the branch where the falcon rested.”

  It is always the same to humans. We all have “two flying wings” in our hearts as well, but we often seem not to notice them and stay where we feel safe and comfortable. We won't realize we can fly so high and freely until the “branch” we are resting on breaks.

26.Who was ordered to train the two falcons to fly at first? (不超过5个词)

                                                                                              

27.Why did the king ask the farmer to train the falcon? (不超过15个词)

                                                                                              

28.What did the farmer do to make the other falcon fly?(不超过10个词)

                                                                                              

Ⅴ.单词拼写

29. She s    (建议) staying here for another day, and we all agreed.  

30. To ask your friends d    (直接的) questions is all right when they know you well.  

31. It's i    (不礼貌的) to speak loudly in the reading room.  

32. Susan didn't tell me her a    (地址), so I can't go to visit her now.  

33. The mobile phone has a great i    (影响) on our life.  

 


参考答案

Ⅰ.1—5 ADDAA 6—10 BADDC

Ⅱ.[主旨大意]本文是一篇说明文,主要通过一个事例说明了天气预报在人们生活中的重要作用,并重点介绍了气象行业之父Cleveland Abbe以及气象简报在美国的发展。

11.C 根据后句“是否会有雨”可知,前句句意为“你首先想查看一下天气预报”,check意为“检查;查看”。故选C。

12.D 

13.B 根据前句“明天早上多云”和后句“天气放晴”可知,句意间表示“转折”关系。故选B。

14.A 根据从句“没有雨”可知,主句句意为“全家人感到很高兴”,happy意为“高兴的”。故选A。

15.B 16.C

17.A 句意:每天的天气简报是以根据天气情况而画的天气云图为基础的。故选A。

18.B 

19.D 根据前文“天气预报对人类的贡献”可知,国会对Abbe的天气预报是感兴趣的。interested意为“感兴趣的”。故选D。

20.B 

Ⅲ.[主旨大意]本文是一篇议论文。文章介绍了人工智能的定义、研究的目的与应用范围、它的交叉学科及其未来前景。

21.B 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句“The computer or the machine with AI can think and learn.”可知,带有人工智能的机器能思考、能学习。故选B。

22.D 细节理解题。根据最后一段第二句“The AI can possibly understand human feelings or create art.”可知,目前,人工智能不能理解人类的感受。故选D。

23.D 词义猜测题。根据第二段的倒数第二句“However, some people consider AI a danger to humans if it develops too quickly.”可知,一些人认为如果它发展太快,人工智能对人类是一种危险,此处的it应指代“人工智能”。故选D。

24.C 细节理解题。根据第三段的内容可知,大部分内容介绍了数学学科,最后一句介绍了计算机学科,因此,如果学生想成为成功的AI设计师,他们应该好好学习数学和计算机科学。故选C。

25.A 主旨大意题。第四段介绍了科学家希望创造出有创造力的和有情感的AI。这是告诉我们科学家对于人工智能的愿望(wishes)。故选A。

Ⅳ.26.The best falconer.

27.Because he lived in the forest and knew the natural environment well.

28.He just cut off the branch where the falcon rested.

Ⅴ.29.suggested 30.direct 31.impolite

32.address 33.influence

 

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