Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking &Reading for Writing
What's the main idea of the passage?
The passage is mainly about something about the most powerful tsunami in Asia.
1．What caused the tsunami?
2．What is a magnitude of the earthquake that happened on December 27,2004?
3．Why was food and supplies hard to deliver?
A．Because there were not enough food and supplies.
B．Because rescue teams dared not go.
C．Because conditions were hard and roads were destroyed.
D．Because governments didn't organize rescue teams.
[答案] 1－3 DBC
2．powern．能力；力量；权力→powerful adj.强大的；有力的→powerless adj.无力的；没有能力的
1．in the open air 露天；在户外
2．on hand 现有(尤指帮助)
3．sweep away 消灭；彻底消除
4．put up 搭建， 举起， 张贴
5．stay calm 保持冷静
6．in danger 处境危险
7．first of all 首先
8．as many as 多达
1.I was having breakfast with my three children when water started filling my home.
be doing sth.when...正在做某事这时……
I was walking along the river when I heard a cry for help.
2.However，dangerous conditions and damaged roads will make it difficult to deliver food and supplies.
make it＋adj.＋to do sth.中it为形式宾语，动词不定式是真正的宾语。
We find it necessary to work hard to achieve our dream.
(教材P52)The supplies which were provided to the disaster area were collected from around the country.
(1)school/medical supplies 学校用品/医疗用品
(2)supply sth.to sb. 为某人提供某物
supply sb.with sth. 为某人提供某物
①The water supply has been cut off because the workers are repairing the main pipes.
②The Internet supplies a lot of information to us every day.
＝ The Internet supplies us with a lot of information every day.
(经典例句)As is known to us，knowledge is power.
(1)have the power to do sth. 具有做某事的能力
come to power 上台；执政(动作)
be in power 执政；掌权(状态)
beyond one's power 力所不能及的
(2)powerful adj. 强有力的
①There was a time when the girl lost the power of speech.
②It is reported that the new president will settle a lot of problems the moment he comes to power.
③China is a country where the people are in power.
④It's beyond my power to understand how the computer works.
(教材P53)first aid kit 急救箱
(1)give first aid to sb. 对某人急救
with the aid of 在……的帮助下
(2)aid sb.in (doing) sth. 帮助某人做某事
aid sb.with sth. 以某事/物帮助某人
aid sb.to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
①With the aid of our teachers，we learned how to perform first aid.
②I'd be very grateful if you can aid me with my English.
③He is so kind a boy that he often aided his mother to clean (clean) the house.
(教材P53)If you find yourself in danger from a forest fire，first of all，stay calm.
(1)calm down 平静下来；镇静下来
calm sb.down 使某人平静下来
(2)stay/remain/keep calm 保持镇静
①Calm down! There is nothing to worry about.
②He took a few deep breaths to calm himself down.
③When in the face of danger，you should calm down.
a calm lake a quiet park
silent students a still guard
(教材P54)Fishermen，tourists，hotels，homes，and cars were swept away by huge waves caused by the strong earthquake that reached a magnitude of 9.0.
wave goodbye to sb. 向某人挥手告别
①She refused my suggestion with a wave of her hand.
②He gave us a wave as the bus drove off.
＝He waved to us as the bus drove off.
③The policeman waved the driver to stop(stop)．
(教材P54)The undersea quake struck around 7：00 am Sunday off the west coast of Indonesia's Sumatra Island.
①The clock struck twelve when I got home last night.钟(报时)
②A terrible earthquake did strike the northeast of Japan on March 11.侵袭
③A good idea struck me when I was reading the newspaper.突然想到
④The visitors were struck by the beauty of the West Lake.打动，迷住
(1)be struck by... 被……打动
(2)be/go on strike 举行罢工
⑤It suddenly struck/hit me that I should pay a visit to my teacher.
(教材P54)However，dangerous conditions and damaged roads will make it difficult to deliver food and supplies.
deliver sth.to 投递/运送某物给……
deliver a speech 发表演说
①It was very considerate of you to deliver milk to our door every morning.
②Hans was asked to deliver(deliver) a speech on the graduation in Harvard University.
③I wonder why you refused to deliver (deliver) my letters to my home last week.
(经典佳句) While online shopping has changed our life，not all of its effects have been positive.
(1)have an effect on/upon 对……产生影响
come into effect 生效
side effect 副作用
(2)effective adj. 有效的； 有影响的
①The measures taken by the local government will come into effect next month.
②There is no doubt that reading books can have a good effect on the children.
③In my opinion，go outdoors and play team games with your friends，which is an effective(effect) way to get rid of anger.
(教材P54) The most powerful earthquake in the past 40 years caused a tsunami that crashed into coastlines across Asia yesterday，killing more than 6,500 people in Indonesia，India，Thailand，Malaysia，and at least four other countries.
【要点提炼】 killing more than 6,500 people....为动词的-ing短语作结果状语。
①Unfortunately his father died，leaving him a homeless boy.
②He is always late for class，making(make)his teacher angry.
③He hurried to the theatre，only to find (find) that the tickets had been sold out.
(教材P54)I was having breakfast with my three children when water started filling my home.
【要点提炼】 该句中when为并列连词，意为“就在这时、突然”，相当于and then/just at that time。其句型结构为sb.was/were doing sth.when...“某人正在做某事，这时……”。
be doing...when... 正在做……，就在这时……
be about to do...when... 正要做……，就在这时……
had just done...when... 刚做过……这时……
①We werehaving (have) a meeting when someone broke in.
②I had just finished my test paper when the bell rang.
③I was about toleave (leave) when it began to rain.
1．It was said that the typhoon(台风)had caused a lot of damage.
2．In the city，the water pipes(管道)in some buildings cracked and burst.
3．What I did was (to) turn off the tap(水龙头)．
4．Several hours later，the little boy was rescued with the aid/help (帮助) of the police.
5．I'm very glad that you can write me a summary (概要) of this report.
6．It is very important to keep calm (镇静的) when an earthquake breaks out.
7．Global warming is having a great effect(影响)on hundreds of plant and animal species around the world.
8．They waved (挥手)to us to stay where we were.
9．You have the power(能力) to live it well.
10．You are likely to sing or whistle (吹口哨)when you are happy.
1．To help students deal with their mental problems, we will hold a lecture delivered(deliver) by a professor from the UK.
2．What's more，it is another effective (effect) way to deal with the problem.
3．They felt it difficult tofinish(finish) the work in such a short time.
4．Today the number of people learning English in China isincreasing (increase) rapidly.
5．A wonderful idea struck (strike) me suddenly when I was walking on the street.
6．The dustman swept (sweep) up all the fallen leaves on this street yesterday.
7．The length (long) of the article should be about 800 words.
8．I washaving (have) a discussing with my friend about how to improve my English when my mother called me.
9．It was reported that as many as 157 people died at the air crash.
go through; sweep away; in shock; in the open air; put up; on hand
1．We don't clean the house for a few days，because we don't want to sweep away good luck.
2．A week before Earth Day，posters were put up around our school，calling on us to join in the actions for a greener earth.
3．He must have gone through many difficulties before he succeeded.
4．They had to sleep in the open air after the earthquake.
5．Always have your dictionary on hand when you study.
6．I looked at my husband in shock，waiting for him to tell me that I had misunderstood everything.