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(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing

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(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing01
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing02
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing03
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing04
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing05
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing06
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing07
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing08
(新)人教版高中英语必修第一册教学讲义:Unit 4 Section Ⅳ Listening and Talking & Reading for Writing09
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Section  Listening and Talking &Reading for Writing

第一步 速读——了解文章主题和段落大意

速读P54课文内容,选择最佳答案

What's the main idea of the passage?

The passage is mainly about something about the most powerful tsunami in Asia.

第二步 细读——把控文章关键信息

细读P54课文内容,选择最佳答案

1What caused the tsunami?

AHurricane.       BTyphoon.

CFlood. DEarthquake.

2What is a magnitude of the earthquake that happened on December 27,2004?

A7.0. B9.0.

C7.5. D6.

3Why was food and supplies hard to deliver?

ABecause there were not enough food and supplies.

BBecause rescue teams dared not go.

CBecause conditions were hard and roads were destroyed.

DBecause governments didn't organize rescue teams.

[答案] 13 DBC

.重点单词

根据词性和汉语提示,写出下列单词

1tapvi.&vt.轻叩;轻敲;轻拍n.水龙头;轻叩;轻敲

2whistlevi.吹口哨;发出笛声vt.吹口哨n.哨子();呼啸声

3emergencyn.突发事件;紧急情况

4calmadj.镇静的;沉着的vt.使平静;使镇静

5aidn.援助;帮助;救援物资vi.&vt.帮助;援助

6crashvt.&vi.碰撞;撞击n.撞车;碰撞

7sweepvt.&vi.(sweptswept)打扫;清扫

8waven.海浪;波浪vi.&vt.挥手;招手

9strikevi.&vt.(struckstruck/stricken)侵袭;突击;击打n.罢工;罢课;袭击

10delivervt.&vi.递送;传达vt.发表

.拓展词汇

根据词性和汉语提示,写出下列单词

1eruptvi.&vt.(火山)爆发;(岩浆、烟等)喷出eruption n(火山)爆发;(战争等)爆发

2powern.能力;力量;权力powerful adj.强大的;有力的powerless adj.无力的;没有能力的

3effectn.影响;结果;效果effective adj.有效果的

4lengthn.长;长度long adj.长的

.补全短语

根据提示补全下列短语

1in the open air     露天;在户外

2on hand    现有(尤指帮助)

3sweep away    消灭;彻底消除

4put up    搭建, 举起, 张贴

5stay calm   保持冷静

6in danger   处境危险

7first of all   首先

8as many as   多达

 

 

背教材原句

记句式结构

仿写促落实

1.I was having breakfast with my three children when water started filling my home.

我正在和三个孩子一起吃早餐这时家里开始充满了水。

be doing sth.when...正在做某事这时……

I was  walking  along  the  river  when I heard a cry for help.

我正沿着河边走,这时突然听见求助声。

2.Howeverdangerous conditions and damaged roads will make it difficult to deliver food and supplies.

然而,危险的条件和受损的道路将使运送食物和物资变得困难。

make itadj.to do sth.it为形式宾语,动词不定式是真正的宾语。

We find it necessary  to work hard to achieve our dream.

我们发现很有必要努力工作来实现我们的梦想。

supply n[pl.]补给品;供应();补给

vt.供应;供给

(教材P52)The supplies which were provided to the disaster area were collected from around the country.

向灾区提供的物资是从全国各地收集来的。

(1)school/medical supplies  学校用品/医疗用品

(2)supply sth.to sb.   为某人提供某物

supply sb.with sth.   为某人提供某物

The water supply has been cut off because the workers are repairing the main pipes.

因工人们在修主要管道水资源供应被切断。

The Internet supplies a lot of information to us every day.

The Internet supplies us with a lot of information every day.

因特网每天给我们提供很多信息。

powern.能力;力量;权力

(经典例句)As is known to usknowledge is power.

众所周知,知识就是力量。

(1)have the power to do sth. 具有做某事的能力

come to power   上台;执政(动作)

be in power   执政;掌权(状态)

beyond one's power   力所不能及的

(2)powerful adj.   强有力的

There was a time when the girl lost the power of speech.

曾经有一段时间,这个女孩不能说话。

It is reported that the new president will settle a lot of problems the moment he comes to power.

据报道,新总统一上台就要解决很多问题。

China is a country where the people are in power.

中国是个由人民掌权的国家。

It's beyond my power to understand how the computer works.

我不懂电脑运行原理。

aidn.&vt.帮助;援助;资助

(教材P53)first aid kit 急救箱

(1)give first aid to sb.    对某人急救

with the aid of   ……的帮助下

(2)aid sb.in (doing) sth.   帮助某人做某事

aid sb.with sth.   以某事/物帮助某人

aid sb.to do sth.   帮助某人做某事

With the aid of our teacherswe learned how to perform first aid.

在老师的帮助下, 我们学会了如何进行急救。

I'd be very grateful if you can aid me with my English.

如果你能帮助我学习英语我将不胜感激。

He is so kind a boy that he often aided his mother to clean (clean) the house.

他是一个如此善良的男孩,他经常帮助他的母亲打扫房子。

calmvt.&vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定

adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的

(教材P53)If you find yourself in danger from a forest firefirst of allstay calm.

如果你发现自己身陷森林火灾,首先保持镇静。

(1)calm down        平静下来;镇静下来

calm sb.down   使某人平静下来

(2)stay/remain/keep calm   保持镇静

Calm down! There is nothing to worry about.

镇静下来!没有什么可担心的。

He took a few deep breaths to calm himself down.

他深深吸了几口气,使自己平静下来。

When in the face of dangeryou should calm down.

面对危险时,你要保持冷静。

[图形助记] 

意境巧记安静四兄弟

a calm lake     a quiet park

silent students    a still guard

waven.波浪,波涛;挥手

v波动;起伏;挥手

(教材P54)Fishermentouristshotelshomesand cars were swept away by huge waves  caused by the strong earthquake that reached a magnitude of 9.0.

渔民、游客、旅馆、住宅和汽车都被9级地震引起的巨浪卷走了。

wave goodbye to sb.    向某人挥手告别

   向某人挥手

She refused my suggestion with a wave of her hand.

她摆摆手拒绝了我的建议。

He gave us a wave as the bus drove off.

He waved to us as the bus drove off.

公共汽车开走时,他向我们挥了挥手。

The policeman waved the driver to stop(stop)

警察挥手示意司机停车(停止)

strikevi.&vt.打;撞击;罢工;突然想到;打动,

迷住;()敲;侵袭

n罢工

(教材P54)The undersea  quake struck around 700 am Sunday off the west coast of Indonesia's Sumatra Island.

星期天早上七点左右海底地震袭击印度尼西亚西海岸的苏门答腊岛。

 写出下列句中strike的含义

The clock struck twelve when I got home last night.(报时)

A terrible earthquake did strike the northeast of Japan on March 11.侵袭

A good idea struck me when I was reading the newspaper.突然想到

The visitors were struck  by the beauty of the West Lake.打动,迷住

(1)be struck by...  ……打动

   某人突然想起……

(2)be/go on strike   举行罢工

It suddenly struck/hit me that I should pay a visit to my teacher.

我突然想到,我应该拜访我的老师。

delivervt.递送;生(小孩儿);接生;发表(演说等)

(教材P54)Howeverdangerous conditions and damaged roads will make it difficult to deliver food and supplies.

然而,危险的条件和受损的道路将使运送食物和物资变得困难。

deliver sth.to    投递/运送某物给……

deliver a speech   发表演说

It was very considerate of you to deliver milk to our door every morning.

你考虑得非常周到,每天早上把牛奶送到我们家门口。

Hans was asked to deliver(deliver) a speech on the graduation in Harvard University.

汉斯被邀请在哈佛大学毕业典礼上发表演讲。

I wonder why you refused to deliver (deliver) my letters to my home last week.

我想知道上周你为什么拒绝把我的信送到我家。

effect n结果;效力

(经典佳句) While online shopping has changed our lifenot all of its effects have been positive.

虽然网上购物改变了我们的生活,但并不是所有的影响都是积极的。

(1)have an effect on/upon   ……产生影响

come into effect   生效

side effect   副作用

(2)effective adj.   有效的; 有影响的

The measures taken by the local government will come into effect next month.

当地政府采取的措施将下月生效。

There is no doubt that reading books can have a good effect on the children.

不可否认,读书会对儿童有良好的影响。

In my opiniongo outdoors and play team games  with  your friendswhich is an effective(effect) way to get rid of anger.

在我看来,和你的朋友去户外玩团队游戏,这是一个摆脱愤怒的有效方式。

(教材P54) The most powerful earthquake in the past 40 years caused a tsunami that crashed into coastlines across Asia yesterdaykilling more than  6,500 people in IndonesiaIndiaThailandMalaysiaand at least four other countries.

过去40年来最强烈的地震昨天引发了一场海啸,冲入亚洲各地的海岸线,印尼、印度、泰国、马来西亚以及至少其他四个国家的6 500多人在昨日的海啸中丧生。

【要点提炼】 killing more than 6,500 people....为动词的-ing短语作结果状语。

Unfortunately his father diedleaving him a homeless boy.

不幸的是他的父亲去世了,使他成为一个无家可归的孩子。

He is always late for classmaking(make)his teacher angry.

他总是上学迟到, 使老师很生气。

He hurried to the theatreonly to find (find) that the tickets had been sold out.

他赶到剧院,却发现票已经卖完了。

(教材P54)I was having breakfast with my three children when water started filling my home.

我正在和三个孩子一起吃早餐这时家里开始充满了水

【要点提炼】 该句中when为并列连词,意为就在这时、突然,相当于and then/just at that time。其句型结构为sb.was/were doing sth.when...某人正在做某事,这时……”

when在此处是并列连词,表示正在那时,这时,常用句型有:

be doing...when...    正在做……,就在这时……

be about to do...when...   正要做……,就在这时……

had just done...when...   刚做过……这时……

We werehaving (have) a meeting when someone broke in.

当时我们正在开会,突然有人闯了进来。

I had just finished my test paper when the bell rang.

我刚完成试卷,这时铃声响了。

I was about toleave (leave) when it began to rain.

我正要离开,这时开始下雨了。

.单词拼写

1It was said that the typhoon(台风)had caused a lot of damage.

2In the citythe water pipes(管道)in some buildings cracked and burst.

3What I did was (to) turn off the tap(水龙头)

4Several hours laterthe little boy was rescued with the aid/help (帮助) of the police.

5I'm very glad that you can write me a summary (概要) of this report.

6It is very important to keep calm (镇静的) when an earthquake breaks out.

7Global warming is having a great effect(影响)on hundreds of plant and animal species around the world.

8They waved (挥手)to us to stay where we were.

9You have the power(能力) to live it well.

10You are likely to sing or whistle (吹口哨)when you are happy.

.单句语法填空

1To help students deal with their mental problems, we will hold a  lecture delivered(deliver) by a professor from the UK.

2What's moreit is another effective (effect) way to deal with the problem.

3They felt it difficult tofinish(finish) the work in such a short time.

4Today the  number  of  people  learning English in China isincreasing (increase) rapidly.

5A wonderful idea struck (strike) me suddenly when I was walking on the street.

6The dustman swept (sweep) up all the fallen leaves on this street yesterday.

7The length (long) of the article should be about 800 words.

8I washaving (have) a discussing with my friend about how to improve my English when my mother called me.

9It was reported that as many as 157 people died at the air crash.

 

 

.选词填空

go through; sweep away; in shock; in the open air; put up; on hand

1We don't clean the house for a few daysbecause we don't want to sweep away good luck.

2A week before Earth Dayposters were put up around our schoolcalling on us to join in the actions for a greener earth.

3He must have gone through many difficulties before he succeeded.

4They had to sleep in the open air after the earthquake.

5Always have your dictionary on hand when you study.

6I looked at my husband in shockwaiting for him to tell me that I had misunderstood everything.

 

 

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